Short luteal phase defect is a serious issue in the life of most women. When most people overhear the term defects being used describe their medical condition, they instantly think that something is naturally wrong with them. You shouldn’t think about this deficiency in a negative way, but rather, learn as much as possible about your condition before getting yourself worried and stressed with endless hospital appointments.
A luteal phase is the period of time from the day after your ovulation until the beginning of your next menstrual cycle. It is commonly referred to as days past ovulation or DPO (meaning 1DPO through 14DPO). A short luteal phase is when this period of time is shorter than the average 14 days, which is not enough to sustain fertilization. It is known as the short luteal phase because the corpus luteum begins to produce the progesterone for a short period of time which is then used to stimulate the endometrium and allow an implantation to occur.
When the body does not produce progesterone properly at the rate that it should, it could lead to several malfunctions with the reproductive organs such as low basal body temperature, spotting and persistent miscarriages, and no sensation to engage in sexual activities.
A short luteal phase defect could cause serious infertility issues, and shouldn’t be taken lightly if you are trying to get pregnant. Gynecologists can diagnose this defect after an endometrial biopsy, and will start giving you progesterone to stimulate the endometrium, so that it can be ready for fertilization. You should note that there are different procedures used by fertility doctors which are minimally invasive, but might not result in you getting pregnant. However, there are other natural steps that you can take in other to get pregnant and eliminate the luteal phase defect.
How common is a short luteal phase?
Short luteal phase is very rare with about 3.5 percent women who have difficulties getting pregnant diagnosed to have luteal phase defects. Various studies have shown that 15% of cycles of adult women had luteal phases shorter than 11 days. A study made by the World Health Organization discovered that only 3.2 percent of women had luteal phase of less than eight days. Also, another smaller clinical study discovered that 2.1 percent had short luteal phases.
Symptoms of a short luteal phase
If you have a short luteal phase, you might not realize you have issues. Also, you might not suspect fertility issues until you are having difficulty getting pregnant. If you are having difficulty conceiving, you need to visit a doctor to diagnose and investigate further to see if you have a luteal phase defect.
– Menstrual cycles happening earlier than normal
– Spotting in between periods
– Difficulty in getting pregnant
Diagnosing short luteal phase
If you are having difficulty getting pregnant, identifying the underlying reason is the first step to increase your chances of conception. Visit your doctor for advice on infertility. Your doctor will conduct various tests and observations to determine whether your difficulty in getting pregnant is caused by a short luteal phase or another condition.
Your doctor might likely recommend blood tests to check the levels of the following hormones.
– Follicle: This is also called stimulating hormones, it is a hormone released by the pituitary gland that regulates ovary function
– Luteinizing hormone: this hormone triggers ovulation
– Progesterone: this hormone stimulates the growth of the uterine lining
Also, an endometrial biopsy may be recommended by the doctor one or two days before an expected menstrual cycle. The doctor collects a small sample of the uterine lining during the biopsy, and examines the sample under the microscope. This will enable the check the thickness of the lining.
The doctor may also order an ultrasound for the pelvic to check the thickness of the thickness of the lining. An ultrasound of the pelvic is an imaging test that uses sound waves to generate pictures of organs in your pelvic area such as ovaries, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and so on.
Treatment for short luteal phase
Once the doctor identifies the main cause of the a luteal phase defect then it will be less difficult to get pregnant. In most cases, treating the defect cause is crucial to increase fertility.For instance, if a short luteal phase is caused from extreme stress or exercise, then you need to reduce your level of activity and learn the techniques for managing stress in other to return to a normal luteal phase. The techniques to improve your stress level include reducing personal obligations, deep breathing exercises, meditation, and moderate exercise.Your doctor could also recommend a human chorionic gonadotropin supplement which is a pregnancy hormone. This supplement will help your body secrete a higher level of the hormone progesterone.
You might also take additional progesterone supplements after ovulation. This helps the uterine lining grow to a point where it can support the Implantation of a fertilized egg. Other techniques to increase your chance of pregnancy include using medications such as clomiphene citrate. This stimulates the ovaries to produce more follicles and release more eggs. Not all treatments work for every woman, so you’ll have to work closely with your doctor to find the most effective medication or supplement.
What is the best way to figure out luteal phase?
The best way to figure out luteal phase depends on individual circumstances, but if you follow the essential guidelines below, a significant improvement will be made to towards conceiving a healthy pregnancy. It is very difficult to figure out the luteal phase unless you know exactly when you ovulate. And the best way to figure this out is through charting your temperature. The temperature should be elevated after ovulation if the luteal phase is good. To get the total for your luteal phase, you will need to count all your elevated temperatures.
Another technique which is less accurate is to deduct 14 from the total days in your cycle.You can assume that you have a luteal phase of 14 days, because even among women with irregular periods, the AVERAGE LUTEAL PHASE is still 14 days long. However, the best technique to figure out the length of your luteal phase is to chart your basal body temperature for a month. Once you know how long it is, it doesn’t vary from month by more than a day.